Mitsutoshi Sugawara - Cupertino CA
NEC Electronics, Inc. - Santa Clara CA
A voltage reference generating circuit for providing voltage references substantially less than the typical 1300 mV, with a controllable thermal coefficient. By forcing equal-valued currents through two semiconductor junctions having disparate junction areas, a voltage differential is developed, as is a current proportional to the voltage differential. The voltage differential, and a current proportional to the voltage differential, have positive thermal coefficients. A third semiconductor junction is biased from a third current source and bridged by a resistor pair so as to synthesize a Thevenin-equivalent voltage equivalent series resistance. The equivalent voltage has a negative thermal coefficient. By forcing a current that is equal to the proportional current through the equivalent resistance, a reference voltage, equal to the sum of the Thevenin-equivalent voltage plus the voltage drop across the Thevenin-equivalent resistance, is created.